Precautionary List References

Return to Main All References Page
AEGL - US EPA, National Advisory Committee for Acute Exposure Guideline Levels for Hazardous Substances. Notices. 62 Federal Register: 58839-58851 (October 30, 1997)
ATSDR - Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Minimal risk Levels for Hazardous Substances. January 2004.
http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/mrls/index.asp
ATSDR-FAQ - Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. ToxFAQs.
http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/index.asp
BKH - European Commission Endocrine Disrupters Website.
Towards the establishment of a priority list of substances for further evaluation of their role in endocrine disruption - Final report-November 2. http://ec.europa.eu/environment/endocrine/strategy/substances_en.htm#report3
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/archives/docum/pdf/bkh_main.pdf
BRUC - Brucker-Davis, F. Effects of Environmental Synthetic Chemicals on Thyroid Function. Thyroid. 8(9): 827-856. 1998.
CAA-AQC - US EPA, Office of Research and Development. Air Quality Criteria for Oxides of Nitrogen, Volume III Washington, DC. August 1993.
http://www.epa.gov/ttn/naaqs/standards/nox/s_nox_index.html
CAA-CM - US Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development. Air Quality Criteria for Carbon Monoxide. Washington, DC, December 1991.
http://www.epa.gov/ttn/naaqs/standards/co/s_co_index.html
CAA-OZ - Air Quality Criteria for Ozone and Related Photochemical Oxidants, Volume III Washington, DC. July 1996.
http://www.epa.gov/ttn/naaqs/standards/ozone/s_o3_index.html
CAA-P - Air Quality Criteria for Particulate Matter, Volume III Washington, DC. April 1996.
http://www.epa.gov/ttn/naaqs/standards/pm/s_pm_index.html
CAA-PSD - Air Quality Criteria for Particulate Matter and Sulfur Oxides, Volume III Washington, DC. December 1982.
http://www.epa.gov/ttn/naaqs/standards/so2/s_so2_index.html
CARB-TAC - California Air Resources Board. Toxic Air Contaminant Fact Sheets.
http://www.arb.ca.gov/html/fslist.htm#Toxics
CERHR - National Toxicology Program Center for the Evaluation of Risks to Human Reproduction. NTP-CERHR Briefs and Expert Panel Reports.
http://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/?objectid=7DA86165-BDB5-82F8-F7E4FB36737253D5
CPDB - Carcinogenic Potency Database (CPDB)
Environmental Defense reviewed this compilation of results on carcinogenicity in rats and mice covering 1298 chemicals and added any chemical with positive results in at least two species by a relevant route of exposure to its list of suspect carcinogens.
http://potency.berkeley.edu
DIPA - DiPalma, J.A., J. Cunningham, J. Herrera, T. McCaffery, and D. Wolf. Occupational and Industrial Toxin Exposures and the Gastrointestinal Tract. American Journal of Gastroenterology. 86(9): 1107-1117. 1991.
Table 2: Selected Agents with Purported D
DOSS - Dossing, M. and P. Skinhoj. Occupational Liver Injury. Present State of Knowledge and Future Perspectives. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health. 56:1-21. 1985.
Table 2: Chemically induced liver injury: morphologic feature
EDF - See Environmental Defense's Custom Hazard Identification documentation.
EEC - European Economic Community. Sensitizing Substances in the EEC List of Dangerous Substances. Annex I to Council Directive 67/548/EEC.
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/archives/dansub/pdfs/annex1_en.pdf
US EPA - US EPA, Air Risk Information Support Center. Health Effects Notebook for Hazardous Air Pollutants.
http://www.epa.gov/ttnatw01/hlthef/hapindex.html
EPA-HEN - US EPA, Air Risk Information Support Center. Health Effects Notebook for Hazardous Air Pollutants.
http://www.epa.gov/ttnatw01/hlthef/hapindex.html
EPA-SARA - US EPA. Roadmaps to Sources of Information on Chemicals Listed in the Emergency Planning Community and Community Right-to-Know Act (Also Known as SARA Title 3)
Section 313 Toxic Release Inventory (for Microcomputers). (Report Number EPADFDK9204
EPA-SDWA - UUS EPA. Announcement of the Draft Drinking Water Contaminant Candidate List; Notice. 62 Federal Register 52193-52219 (October 6, 1997).
Table 6
http://www.epa.gov/safewater/ccl/dwccl.pdf
EPA-TRI - US EPA. Addition of Certain Chemicals; Toxic Chemical Release Reporting; Community Right to Know. Proposed and Final Rules. 59 Federal Register 1788 (Jan 12, 1994); 59 Federal Register 61432 (November 30, 1994).
Summarized in Hazard Information o
http://www.epa.gov/tri/trichemicals/
EXTOX - EXtension TOXicology NETwork. Pesticide Information Profiles (PIPs).
http://npic.orst.edu/ingred/aifact.html
FOTH - Foth, H. Role of the Lung in Accumulation and Metabolism of Xenobiotic compounds - Implications for Chemically Induced Toxicity. Critical Reviews in Toxicology. 25(2): 165-205. 1995.
Table 1:Toxic Damage of Lung by Foreign Compounds.
FRAZIER - Frazier , L. and M. L. Hage (eds.). Reproductive Hazards of the Workplace, Wiley Europe, 1998. Table 10 (Partial List of Reproductive Toxicants).
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/archives/dansub/pdfs/annex1_en.pdf
GUIL - Guillette, L. J., and E. Guillette. Environmental Contaminants and Reproductive Abnormalities in Wildlife: Implications for Public Health? Toxicology and Industrial Health. 12(3): 537-550. 1996.
HARV - Harvell, J., M. Bason and H. Maibach. Contact Urticaria and its Mechanisms. Food Chemistry and Toxicology 32(2): 103-112. 1994.
Table 2: Substances identified as capable of causing contact urticaria.
HAZMAP - A Relational Database of Hazardous Chemicals and Occupational Diseases. Browse Haz-Map by Adverse Effects: Carcinogen (Known, Probable, Possible) and Lung Toxin-Lung Cancer.
http://hazmap.nlm.nih.gov/types-of-effects
HAZMAP-R - A Relational Database of Hazardous Chemicals and Occupational Diseases. Browse Haz-Map by Adverse Effects: Other Tissue Toxin - Reproductive Toxin.
http://hazmap.nlm.nih.gov/types-of-effects
HAZMAP-H - A Relational Database of Hazardous Chemicals and Occupational Diseases. Industrial Chemicals Associated with Toxic Hepatitis.
http://www.haz-map.com/heptox1.htm
HAZMAP-A - A Relational Database of Hazardous Chemicals and Occupational Diseases. Browse Haz-Map by Adverse Effects: Lung Toxin and Other Poison - Chemical Asphyxiant, Simple Asphyxiant .
http://www.haz-map.com/OA1.html
HAZMAP-D - A Relational Database of Hazardous Chemicals and Occupational Diseases. Browse Haz-Map by Adverse Effects: Dermatotoxin.
http://hazmap.nlm.nih.gov/types-of-effects
IARC - World Health Organization, International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). IARC Monographs Programme on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Lists of Group 1, 2a, and 2b substances
http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Monographs/suppl7/index.php
IL-EPA - Illinois EPA. Endocrine Disruptors Strategy. 1997. (Table 1: Preliminary List of Chemicals Associated with Endocrine System Effects in Animals and Humans or In Vitro).
http://ediillinois.org/ppa/meta/html/00/00/00/01/01/82.html
IRIS - US EPA, National Center for Environmental Assessment. Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS).
http://www.epa.gov/iris/
JANK - Jankovic, J. A Screening Method for Occupational Reproductive Health Risk. American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal. 57: 641-649. 1996.
JNIHS - Japanese National Institute of Health Sciences. Lists of Paradigmatic Chemicals.
http://www.nihs.go.jp/law/dokugeki/edokugeki.html
KEIT - Keith, L.H. (ed.). Environmental Endocrine Disruptors. John Wiley & Sons, NY. 1997.
http://www.wileyeurope.com/cda/product/0,,0471191450%7Cdesc%7C3037,00.html
KEMI-DAN - Hass U et al. Reproductive Toxicants in the Working Environment (In Danish.). Reproduktionsskadende kemiske stoffer i arbejdsmiljoet. AMI-rapport Nr. 35/1991. National Institute of Occupational Health, Copenhagen, DK. 1991.
http://www.arbejdsmiljoforskning.dk/upload/AMI-rapport35.pdf
KLAA - H - Klaassen, C., M. Amdur and J. Doull (eds.). Casarett and Doull's Toxicology. The Basic Science of Poisons, 5th Ed. Pergamon Press, NY. 1996.
Table 13-2: Types of Hepatic Injury.
KLAA - L - Klaassen, C., M. Amdur and J. Doull (eds.). Casarett and Doull's Toxicology. The Basic Science of Poisons, 5th Ed. Pergamon Press, NY. 1996.
Table 15-1: Industrial Toxicants that Produce Lung Disease.
KLAA - Klaassen, C., M. Amdur and J. Doull (eds.). Casarett and Doull's Toxicology. The Basic Science of Poisons, 5th Ed. Pergamon Press, NY. 1996.
Tables 18-2: Selected Chemicals Causing Skin Burns, Table 18-3: Common Contact Allergens, Table 18- 6: Sele
LADO - L - LaDou, J. (ed.). Occupational Medicine. Appleton & Lange, Norwalk, CT. 1990.
Table 20-1: Chemical Agents associated with occupational liver disease, Table 20-4: Agents causing acute hepatic injury.
LADO - P - LaDou, J. (ed.). Occupational Medicine. Appleton & Lange, Norwalk, CT. 1990.
Table 39-1: Major pollutants associated with adverse pulmonary effects.
LADO - D - LaDou, J. (ed.). Occupational Medicine. Appleton & Lange, Norwalk, CN. 1990.
Table 17-1: Occupational phototoxic dermatitis: Causes and workers affected, Table 17-4: Common causes of occupational allergic contact dermatitis and typical occupational
LOCK - Lock, E.A., and E. Harpur. Toxicology of Sensory System: A Perspective. Human and Experimental Toxicology. 11(6): 442-448. 1992.
Table 1: Chemicals that induce olfactory lesions in experimental animals by either inhalation and/or non-inhalation rou
LU - P - Lu, F.C. Basic Toxicology. 2nd Edition. 1991.
Appendix 11-1: Site of Action and Pulmonary Disease Produced by Selected Occupationally Inhaled Toxicants).
LU - C - Lu, F.C. Basic Toxicology. 2nd Edition. 1991.
Appendix 15-1: Cataractogenic Chemicals.
MALA - Malachowsky, M.J. Health Effects of Toxic Substances. Government Institutes. Rockville, MD 1995.
Tables 7-2 and 7-3: Hepatotoxic Agents.
NEME - Nemery, B. Metal Toxicity and the Respiratory Tract. European Respiratory Journal. 3(2): 202-219. 1990.
Table 1: Summary of pulmonary toxicity of metals.
NJ-FS - New Jersey Department of Health Services (NJ-FS). Right to Know Program, NJDOH, Trenton, NJ.
http://web.doh.state.nj.us/rtkhsfs/indexfs.aspx
NTP-BR - National Toxicology Program (NTP-BR). Summary for Agents, Substances, Mixtures or Exposure Circumstances to be Reviewed in 2001-2002 for Possible Listing in the Report on Carcinogens, Eleventh Edition.
NTP Board of Scientific Counselors, NTP, Research Tria
http://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/ntp/htdocs/Liason/12thRoC69FR28940.pdf
NTP-C - National Toxicology Program (NTP). 12th Report on Carcinogens (2011).
http://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/ntp/roc/twelfth/roc12.pdf
NTP-R - Chapin, R.E. and R.A. Sloane. NIEHS/NTP Reproductive Assessment by Continuous Breeding: Evolving Study Design and Summaries of Ninety Studies. Environmental Health Perspectives 105, Supplement 1: 199-394. 1997.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1470239/pdf/envhper00326-0196.pdf
OEHHA-AREL - California EPA, Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment. Acute Reference Exposure Levels (RELs), Averaging Times, and Toxicologic Endpoints.
Includes all Acute Reference Exposure Levels (ARELs) developed by OEHHA through May 2000
http://oehha.ca.gov/air/allrels.html
OEHHA-CREL - California EPA, Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA). Air Toxics Hot Spots Program Risk Assessment Guidelines, Part III: Technical Support Document "Determination of Noncancer Chronic Reference Exposure Levels (CREL)".
Includes all Chroni
http://oehha.ca.gov/air/chronic_rels/pdf/relsP32k.pdf
OEHHA-TCD - California Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA). Toxicity Criteria Database (TCD)- OEHHA Cancer Potency Values .
http://oehha.ca.gov/risk/chemicalDB/index.asp
OPP-CAN - US EPA, Office of Pesticide Programs. List of Chemicals Evaluated for Carcinogenic Potential (5/10/2002). OPP, Washington, DC.
http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/carlist/
ORD-SF - US EPA, Office of Research and Development (ORD), Superfund Health Risk Technical Support Center. Risk Assessment Issue Paper for: Toxicity Information and Provisional Oral Slope Factor for Nitroglycerin. ORD, Washington, DC.
P65 - Proposition 65. California EPA, Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment.
http://www.oehha.org/prop65.html
P65-CAND - California EPA, Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment. Chemicals under consideration for possible listing via the authoritative bodies mechanisms (through May 2004).
http://www.oehha.ca.gov/prop65/CRNR_notices/admin_listing/requests_info/
P65-MC - Hazard identification based on an extension of a Proposition 65 listing. Substance is either a member of a class that is a recognized Proposition 65 hazard, or is a class that contains a member that is a recognized Propositon 65 hazard.
See Enviro
http://www.scorecard.org/health-effects/gen/memclass.html
P65-PEND - California EPA, Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment. Notices of Intent to List.
Chemicals noticed for listing under Proposition 65 because a body considered to be authoritative by the state's qualified experts has formally identified it as causing cancer (through July 2004).
http://www.oehha.org/prop65/CRNR_notices/admin_listing/intent_to_list/index.html
SCDM - US EPA, Office of Emergency Response and Remediation. Superfund Chemical Data Matrix (SCDM).
http://www.epa.gov/superfund/sites/npl/hrsres/tools/scdm.htm
STAC - Stacey, N.H. Occupational Toxicology. Taylor & Francis. 1995.
Table 3.23: Clinical manifestations of chemical-induced gastrointestinal injury.
TIMB - Timbrell, J.A. Introduction to Toxicology. Taylor and Francis, New York. 1995. (Table 5.1: Types of skin sensitizers).
TRI - US EPA. Addition of Certain Chemicals; Toxic Chemical Release Reporting; Community Right to Know.
Proposed and Final Rules. 59 Federal Register 1788 (Jan 12, 1994); 59 Federal Register 61432 (November 30, 1994). Summarized in Hazard Information o
http://www2.epa.gov/sites/production/files/documents/1994_chemical_expansion_final.pdf
WWF - World Wildlife Fund. Our Stolen Future. Widespread Pollutants with Endocrine-disrupting Effects. .
The WWF list is derived from references detailed at http://www.ourstolenfuture.org/Sources/chemsource
http://www.ourstolenfuture.org/Basics/chemlist.htm
ZIMM - Zimmerman, H.J. and J.H. Lewis. Chemical- and Toxin-Induced Hepatotoxicity. Gastroenterology Clinics of North America. 24(4): 1027-1045. 1995.
Table 3: Forms of environmental hepatic injury.
NTP - National Toxicology Program. Report on Carcinogens, Twelfth Edition. NTP Board of Scientific Counselors, NTP, Research Triangle Park.
Review Process for the 12th Edition. http://ntp-server.niehs.nih.gov/index.cfm?objectid=720162B0-BDB7-CEBA-FE2B27BBA2785BA5
http://ntp-server.niehs.nih.gov/?objectid=72016262-BDB7-CEBA-FA60E922B18C2540
SHELBY - Shelby MD. NTP-CERHR monograph on the potential human reproductive and developmental effects of bisphenol A. NTP CERHR MON. 2008 Sept(22):v, vii-ix, 1 -64 passim.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19407859
EPA-BPA - U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Bisphenol A Action Plan. March 29, 2010.
http://www.epa.gov/oppt/existingchemicals/pubs/actionplans/bpa_action_plan.pdf
EPA-BPA-R - U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Response to Request for Correction (RFC) #10007 related to EPA’s Action Plan for Bisphenol A. July 27, 2011.
http://www.epa.gov/quality/informationguidelines/documents/10007-response.pdf
GHS - Government of Japan - Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) and Ministry of the Environment. Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS).
http://www.safe.nite.go.jp/english/ghs_index.html
J372/Mercury - European Commission - DG Enterprise. Risks to Health and the Environment Related to the Use of Mercury Products. August 9, 2002.
http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/sectors/chemicals/files/studies/rpa-mercury_en.pdf
RTECS - National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health's Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS).
See Environmental Defense's Suspect Hazard Identification documentation.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/rtecs/
HAZMAP-CFC - A Relational Database of Hazardous Chemicals and Occupational Diseases. Industrial Chemicals Associated with Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs).
http://hazmap.nlm.nih.gov/category-details?id=706&table=copytblagents
EC-CLP - European Comission. Regulation on the Classification, Labelling and Packaging of Substances and Mixtures (CLP), Regulation 1272/2008
from Michel
http://echa.europa.eu/web/guest/regulations/clp/cl-inventory
EC-SVHC - European Comission. Substances of Very High Concern for authorisation - REACH Annex XIV
from Michel
http://echa.europa.eu/web/guest/addressing-chemicals-of-concern/authorisation/substances-of-very-high-concern-identification/candidate-list-of-substances-of-very-high-concern-for-authorisation
OSPAR - Oslo-Paris Convention. List of Chemicals for Priority Action & List of Substances of Possible Concern
from Michel
http://www.ospar.org/content/content.asp?menu=00940304440000_000000_000000
UNEP-SC - United Nations Environment Program. Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)
from Michel
http://chm.pops.int/Convention/ThePOPs/tabid/673/language/en-US/Default.aspx