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Substances

Lead
7439-92-1

Where is it Commonly Found?

Flashing and roofing, radiation shielding, solder, and electrical cable jacketing
HEALTH EFFECT SUMMARY
EPA classification: B2 (Probable human carcinogen - based on sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity in animals); Persistent Bioaccumulative Toxin (EPA) & Developmental Toxicant (CA-P65) - particularly in developing brains of fetuses and children. Lead can also cause kidney and reproductive system damage.

What are its known health effects?

Carcinogen (P65)

Developmental Toxicant (P65)

Reproductive Toxicant (P65)

What are its suspected health effects?

Cardiovascular or Blood Toxicant (EPA-HEN) (HAZMAP) (KLAA) (LADO - L) (MALA) (STAC)

Endocrine Toxicant (BRUC) (IL-EPA) (KEIT) (WWF)

Gastrointestinal or Liver Toxicant (EPA-HEN) (STAC)

Kidney Toxicant (EPA-HEN) (HAZMAP) (KLAA) (STAC)

Neurotoxicant (EPA-HEN) (EPA-SARA) (HAZMAP) (KLAA) (LU - C) (STAC)

Respiratory Toxicant (NEME)

Skin or Sense Organ Toxicant (KLAA)

Alternative Materials

PET plastics for wire jacketing and stainless steel, galvanized, and paint finishes for flashing and roofing materials.

Additional Regulatory Information

No longer permitted for piping, paint, and gasoline because of health issues.

Does it Correspond With Any Green Building Credits?

Living Building Challenge (1.2) - Prerequisite 5;
Green Guide for Health care - MR Credit 4.3;
Green Guide for Health Care - CM 1.1: Community Contaminant Prevention: Airborne releases;
Living Building Challenge 1.3 – Prerequisite 5: Materials Red L

How is it Categorized?

Metals and Metal Compounds

What is its Origin?

No longer permitted for piping, paint, and gasoline because of health issues.

For over 7,000 years humans have used this soft, heavy, and malleable metal. Lead is a chemical element (symbol Pb) .

Divisions and Sections

Div 07 Sheet Metal Flashing and Trim

General Reference

http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/iris/index.cfm?fuseaction=iris.showQuickView&substance_nmbr=0277