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Substances

Cadmium
7440-43-9

Where is it Commonly Found?

Batteries, metal alloys, hardware coatings, and paints.
HEALTH EFFECT SUMMARY
Persistent Bioaccumulative Toxic Chemical (EPA); EPA classification: B1 (probable human carcinogen - based on limited evidence of carcinogenicity in humans).

What are its known health effects?

Carcinogen (P65)

Developmental Toxicant (P65)

Reproductive Toxicant (P65)

What are its suspected health effects?

Cardiovascular or Blood Toxicant (KLAA) (LADO - L)

Endocrine Toxicant (IL-EPA) (KEIT) (WWF)

Kidney Toxicant (ATSDR) (EPA-HEN) (HAZMAP) (KLAA) (OEHHA-CREL) (STAC)

Respiratory Toxicant (EPA-HEN) (HAZMAP) (NEME) (OEHHA-CREL)

Alternative Materials

For hardware coatings - stainless steel and galvanized finishes. For all other applications there are viable cadmium free options.

Additional Regulatory Information

On multiple federal and state chemical watch lists.

Does it Correspond With Any Green Building Credits?

Living Building Challenge (1.2) - Prerequisite 5;
Green Guide for Health care - MR Credit 4.3 PBT Elimination: Lead & Cadmium;
Green Guide for Health Care - CM 1.1: Community Contaminant Prevention: Airborne releases;
Living Building Challenge 3.0 - Red List

How is it Categorized?

Metals and Metal Compounds

What is its Origin?

On multiple federal and state chemical watch lists.

Cadmium is a heavy metal in the periodic table (symbol Cd) that is a byproduct of the zinc production process.

Divisions and Sections

Div 07 Intumescent Fireproofing

Div 09 Multicolor Interior Finishing

Div 09 Staining and Transparent Finishing

Div 09 Exterior Painting

Div 09 High-Performance Coatings

Div 09 High-Temperature-Resistant Coatings

Div 09 Interior Painting

General Reference

http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/iris/index.cfm?fuseaction=iris.showQuickView&substance_nmbr=0141