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Substances

Urea-Formaldehyde
9011-05-6

Where is it Commonly Found?

Composite wood products, insulation, furniture, and adhesives.
HEALTH EFFECT SUMMARY
EPA classification: B1 (probable human carcinogen - based on limited evidence of carcinogenicity in humans) and suspected asthma trigger; other health side effects include irritation of mucous membranes and skin reactions

What are its known health effects?

Carcinogen (P65)

What are its suspected health effects?

Gastrointestinal or Liver Toxicant (ATSDR) (DIPA)

Immunotoxicant (EEC) (HAZMAP)

Reproductive Toxicant (EPA-SARA) (FRAZIER)

Respiratory Toxicant (ATSDR) (EPA-HEN) (HAZMAP) (OEHHA-CREL)

Skin or Sense Organ Toxicant (EEC) (EPA-HEN) (HARV) (HAZMAP) (KLAA) (LADO - L) (OEHHA-AREL) (OEHHA-CREL)

Alternative Materials

There are many readily available composite wood, insulation, furniture, and adhesives products that don't have any added urea-formaldehyde.

Additional Regulatory Information

Was almost banned in the 1980s but overturned in the courts.

Does it Correspond With Any Green Building Credits?

Living Building Challenge (1.2) - Prerequisite 5;
LEED - NC: IAQ Credit 4.4;
Green Guide for Health Care - EQ 4.4 - Low Emitting Materials: Composite Wood & Insulation;
Living Building Challenge 1.3 – Prerequisite 5: Materials Red List;
Living Building Challenge 3.0 - Red List