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Substances

Phthalates

Where is it Commonly Found?

Pipes, conduits, waterproofing, roofing, siding, door and windows, resilient flooring, carpet backing, wall covering, signage, window treatments, furniture, and wire cable sheathing
HEALTH EFFECT SUMMARY
In 2010 the European Union announced that under the terms of its new chemicals policy known as REACH, that three phthalates Butyl Benzyl Phthalate (BBP), Di(2-Ethylhexyl)Phthalate (DEHP), and Dibutyl Phthalate (DBP) will be banned from use within the next three to five years unless an authorization has been granted to individual companies for their use.

What are its known health effects?

Carcinogen (P65)

Developmental Toxicant (P65)

Reproductive Toxicant (P65)

What are its suspected health effects?

Endocrine Toxicant (BKH) (IL-EPA) (JNIHS) (KEIT) (WWF)

Gastrointestinal or Liver Toxicant (EPA-HEN) (OEHHA-CREL)

Respiratory Toxicant (OEHHA-CREL)

Alternative Materials

PET plastic for wiring jacketing; natural and polyolefin materials for wallcovers; Rubber, Linoluem, PVC-free resilient flooring options; Nylon, Polyester for shower curtains; Polyurethane, Nylon, Nylon Microfiber and Polyethylene; Fiberglass base with cotton flocked backing, polyester with arcylic foamed backing, polyester, polyester and cotton, Olefin-coated olefin yarn, and Thermoplastic Olefin. There are many PVC-free options for piping, conduits, flooring, carpet, wall protection systems, windows & doors, backings, and window treatments.

Does it Correspond With Any Green Building Credits?

Living Building Challenge (1.2) - Prerequisite 5;
Living Building Challenge 3.0 - Red List;
Green Guide for Health Care - EQ 4.3 - Low Emitting Materials: Flooring Systems;
Green Guide for Health Care - MR Credit 4.1;
Green Guide for Health Care - EP4.2 - Toxic Reduction DEHP;
LEED Pilot C

How is it Categorized?

Chemical Compounds

What is its Origin?

A plasticizer used mostly in the production of flexible PVC products.





A class of phthalates that includes but not limited to Butyl Benzyl Phthalate (BBP), Di(2-Ethylhexyl)Phthalate (DEHP), Di-N-Octyl Phthalate (DNOP), Di-N-Pentyl Phthalate (DNPP), Dibutyl Phthalate (DBP), Diisobutyl Phthalate (DIBP), Diisodecyl Phthalate (DIDP), Diisononyl Phthalate (DINP), Di-N-Hexylphthalate (DNHP)

Divisions and Sections

Div 03 Water Stops

Div 04 Unit Masonry

Div 04 PVC Flashing (Elastomeric Thermoplastic Flashing)

Div 07 Self-Adhering Sheet Waterproofing

Div 07 Siding

Div 07 Dampproofing and Waterproofing

Div 07 Membrane Roofing

Div 07 Polyvinyl-Chloride (PVC) Roofing

Div 08 Gasketing

Div 08 Vinyl Window

Div 09 Static-Control Resilient Flooring

Div 09 Stretched-Fabric Wall Systems

Div 09 Tile Carpeting

Div 09 Resilient Athletic Flooring

Div 09 Resilient Base and Accessories

Div 09 Resilient Sheet Flooring

Div 09 Resilient Tile Flooring

Div 09 Fabric-Wrapped Panels

Div 09 Wall Coverings

Div 10 Banners

Div 10 Accordion Folding Partitions

Div 10 Awnings

Div 10 Cubicles

Div 10 Operable Partitions

Div 10 Operable Partitions

Div 10 Signage

Div 10 Toilet Compartments

Div 10 Visual Display Surfaces

Div 10 Wall and Door Protection

Div 10 Wall Protection

Div 11 Play Field Equipment and Structures

Div 11 Loading Dock Equipment

Div 11 Projection Screens

Div 11 Gymnasium Equipment

Div 12 Horizontal Louver Blinds

Div 12 Entrance Floor Mats and Frames

Div 12 Site Furnishings

Div 12 Vertical Louver Blinds

Div 32 Chain Link Fences and Gates

Div 32 Playground Protective Surfacing

Div 33 Utilities

General Reference